Opiniones

Bolivia: Luis Arce Catacora the return of the people to democracy

Dr. Luis Arce Catacora, candidate for the Presidency of Bolivia and Rogger Chipana of Red Andina AL

 

Carlos Jara Cuevas

International policy, security and development cooperation analyst. Special International Press for Gaceta Ucayalina. 

London 08/21/2020

While in Bolivia land Aymara and Mestizo are fighting covid19 making available to the population chlorine dioxide scientist Andreas Kalcker, organizations social worker and peasant are mobilizing against electoral fraud and the suspension of and lessons to the Presidency the Republic. Right now we are 56   days away from the Bolivian elections and it is to be expected that this democratic appointment will take place and that the OAS will not be a judge and a party but rather the observer body along with other institutions so that they participate as observers of this process where the trend it is the Dr . Luis Arce Catacora candidate of the MAS be elected in the first round as President of the Republic of Bolivia above 51 % of the vote and thus end the dark repressive night of the civil-military self-coup of President Añez and return to democracy in Bolivia.

The aforementioned candidate was also part of the government of Evo Morales, occupying the position of Minister of Economy and the main theorist of the Bolivian economic model of building alongside the political project of Evo Morales the Economic Model of the Plurinational Social State of Welfare during the 14 years of government. Likewise, in a new tripolar world context (USA, Russia and China), its programmatic political proposal is to continue with the economic, social and political work stopped as a result of the civic- military coup promoted by the Bolivian oligarchy, the basis of its policy The economic structure that is the matrix of the entire comprehensive development model is to strengthen sovereignty over natural resources and within this framework maintain its relations with private financial investment, foreign business that is present in the mining and agro-export economic structure within a dynamic of strengthening national capital, the Bolivian public and private company, as well as to include within this proposed growth the small and medium-sized companies that are present in all areas of development, including small mining and artisanal mining, respecting their community traditions. In this period the price of metals and gold are on the rise and apparently for a long period that will exceed the half decade that lies ahead due to the great demand for this metal and others that the large Bolivian mining has, such as, for example , Lithium, which will undoubtedly be the future of these next fifty years of intensive development in Bolivia in the XXI century .

The Bolivian impact on the Andean region of America and the Pacific Ocean raises the impulse of a historical relationship of the peoples that make up Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru, recovering the role of the Andean region as a continent people is a task that represents a space for development and integration of the peoples of the Hispanoamerica of the south, is also a runner since the time of the Viceroyalty d Peru has been part of the ancient transoceanic route of silk and now much more reason the existence of the new route silk brings us closer to Eurasia through the Pacific Ocean . This opportunity is to recover a space that we have been occupying at the time of the Hispanic empire and especially because in Bolivia, Potosí , for example, the Real de 8 de oro was minted, which was the world currency in those times that preceded the dollar for trade of the time with the vast majority of the peoples of the planet. On the other hand, the new relations with the US are part of the strategy of interrelation with the world's leading power that is part of the American continent. The Bolivian experience has placed the immense indigenous and mestizo population in better conditions for its integral development, in health, education, housing, as well as the development of infrastructures that will modernize it by leaps and bounds and at the same time reach the highest level of literacy and access. to technological studies and superiors to a large part of his childhood and youth , in addition to developing scientific research within the framework of I+ D + i in a country with great natural wealth faced with the neoliberal globalist model .

The next few weeks are going to be the ones that address the Bolivian popular and patriotic mobilization with the greatest presence, despite the historical repression, racism and xenophobia of the heirs of the Creoles with the Bolivian popular majority. It is to be expected that the current authorities coming from the military civic self-coup will back down because they are being isolated on the continent to such an extent that, aware of their electoral defeat in these next elections, they have been trying to postpone the call to try some fraudulent maneuver , President Añez and his cabinet are worn out and a large part of the young officers of the Armed Forces and Police are not inclined to a coup adventure. We must take into account the economic model that is not the depository of a neoliberal neodevelopmentalism but of an economic model based on the assumptions of a national sovereign economic model, where the relationship of the State, capital and labor have been the instrument of negotiation and planning economic and strategic design that Dr. Luis Arce Catacora, now a candidate for the Bolivian Presidency for the MAS Party, with great success, this economic model proper to the Andean reality of Bolivia has managed to grow economically with a progressive redistribution of income for the integral development of society . The case of the European welfare state, which was the post-World War II project of the twentieth century for the recovery and development of the peoples of Western Europe and which gave favorable results, has another path in Bolivia, that of the Social Welfare State which In the fourteen years of Evo Morales' administration , he modified the structural face of Bolivian society .

In Peru we have a friend of the aforementioned Bolivian candidate, Rogger Chipana Delegate of the Andean Solidarity Network for Latin America, who has been standing out for promoting the image and the Bolivian experience in the governance efforts of the government of Evo Morales and especially because he participates from the solidarity coordinator with the candidate for the Presidency of Bolivia, Dr. Luis Arce Catacora of the MAS party, whom he accompanies in this photo of the political moment. The next few weeks will show us the series of events of the Bolivian political process.

Rogger Chipana is an outstanding young politician, a student of the political theories of Peruvian ethnocionalism whose project is within the problematic of Peru, its link to popular Andean experiences. They have a focus on transforming the country by returning to the 1979 political constitution , whose characteristic is a A nationalist, sovereignist political program based on the values ​​of the culture and history of the Tawantinsuyo and its entire process of indigenous national resistance that is part of the ideological foundations that bring it closer to the Andean and popular Bolivian experience of former President Evo Morales and that in Peru they coincide with the political project of My.Antauro currently in prison, condemned for the rebellion and sedition of the Andahuaylaso, a civic-military uprising against the neoliberal and corrupt government of Alejandro Toledo, former president of Peru linked to the plot of Odebrecht transnational company of construction and its allies Graña y Montero, and other more to quote. The Bolivian process and his political course with Dr. Luis Arce Catacora is remarkable according to all the polls, including those of the political organizations that oppose this candidate and the current coup government of President Añez, give him the winner in the first round over passing the 51% of the vote not to go to a second round. The impact of this political process will generate expectations throughout the Andean region, especially in countries such as Ecuador and Peru whose historical and sociological characteristics have their origin in having been a single country divided into three by the work of Bolivar and his local oligarchies in that process. of the independences promoted by the British Empire and the Creole landed oligarchy. This process must be assessed from the new configuration of continental American and Spanish-American geopolitics, the political changes in the United States under Donald Trump, the current global financial bankruptcy and the need to create a new world financial system in favor of the public interest and not in in favor of the interests of speculative and oligopolistic private financial globalism. For all these reasons, the pillars of this process is to stop any type of world and nuclear war, that is, for Peace, the other task is the fight against hunger and for public health , which is none other than a new global public economic model and for the future of sovereign states in democracy. Let us bear in mind that we are currently in a systemic crisis that began with the oil crisis in 1971 and that exploded in 2020, these 49 years have not been of peace but of war, we are currently facing massive unemployment worldwide, famine in Africa makes 300 thousand people faint every day , in our continent the various pandemics and extreme poverty are the order of the day, an example is Peru, rich in resources and poor in consumption, TB, malnutrition and anemia that reach the 44% of the population to which the covid19 is added . Therefore, and to end this article, Bolivia is currently part of the citizen's democratic resistance for the common good for the political stability of the continent, especially because Iberoamerica represents 8% of the planet's population. The Institut Cervantes points out that “More than 577 million people speak Spanish in the world, of which 480 million have it as their mother tongue. Today 7.6% of the world's population is Spanish-speaking. Almost 22 million people study it in 107 countries. Spanish is also the third most used language on the Internet and the most studied foreign language in the United States. " ……. “A relevant fact is that today 7.6% of the world's population is Spanish-speaking, and it will increase one tenth (to 7.7%) in 2050. But in 2100 it will drop to 6.6% due to the decrease in inhabitants of Latin America in the face of the demographic explosion in several African countries, among other factors …… .Spanish is the second mother tongue in the world by number of speakers, only behind Mandarin Chinese. ”. ( https://www.cervantes.es/sobre_instituto_cervantes/prensa/2018/noticias/np_presentacion-anuario.htm ).   

We are a continent due to its depopulated area with a high rate of concentration of the population in urban areas due to the high degree of political and economic centralism, we also have a young population but with extreme poverty, it is time to change these relationships.


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